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Country Details

Here are some important facts about North Macedonia:

1. Location and Geography: North Macedonia, officially known as the Republic of North Macedonia, is a landlocked country located in the Balkan Peninsula of Southeast Europe. It shares borders with Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania. The country is characterized by diverse landscapes, including mountains, lakes, and valleys.

2. History and Culture: North Macedonia has a rich history dating back to ancient times. The region was once part of the Roman Empire and later the Byzantine Empire. It has been influenced by various cultures and civilizations, including Slavic, Ottoman, and Byzantine. The country is known for its diverse cultural heritage, including traditional music, dance, cuisine, and historical sites.

3. Skopje: Skopje is the capital and largest city of North Macedonia. It is a vibrant city with a mix of modern architecture and historical landmarks. The city's skyline is dominated by the iconic Millennium Cross and the Skopje Fortress. Skopje offers visitors a range of attractions, including museums, galleries, and a lively bazaar.

4. Ohrid: Ohrid is a historic city located on the shores of Lake Ohrid. It is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe and a UNESCO World Heritage site. Ohrid is renowned for its beautiful lake, ancient churches, and preserved medieval architecture. The city attracts tourists with its rich history, scenic views, and vibrant cultural events.

5. Nature and Outdoor Activities: North Macedonia is blessed with stunning natural landscapes. The country is home to several national parks, including Mavrovo, Pelister, and Galicica, offering opportunities for hiking, skiing, and wildlife observation. Lake Ohrid and Lake Prespa are popular destinations for water sports, boating, and relaxation.


Immigration Details

To immigrate to North Macedonia, here are the main ways to obtain residency or citizenship:

1. Visa Types:
- Tourist Visa: Allows for short-term stays in North Macedonia for tourism purposes. The duration of stay and visa requirements depend on your nationality.
- Student Visa: If accepted into a recognized educational institution in North Macedonia, you can apply for a student visa.
- Work Visa: If you have a job offer from an employer in North Macedonia, they will need to sponsor your work visa application. Work visas are typically valid for one year and can be renewed.
- Business Visa: If you plan to establish a company or engage in business activities in North Macedonia, you can apply for a business visa.
- Residence Visa: A long-term residence visa can be obtained for various purposes, such as employment, family reunification, or investment.

2. Established Company:
- If you plan to establish a company in North Macedonia, you will need to meet the legal requirements and capital requirements set by the country. The specific capital requirements and legal forms depend on the type of company you want to establish.
- Hiring local employees may require compliance with labor laws and obtaining work permits for those employees.

3. Investment:
- North Macedonia offers investment opportunities, particularly in sectors such as manufacturing, IT, tourism, and agriculture. Investment incentives and requirements can vary, so it's recommended to research specific investment programs and consult with relevant authorities or legal professionals.

4. Real Estate Investment:
- Purchasing real estate in North Macedonia does not automatically grant residency or citizenship, but it may be a factor considered in certain residency programs.

5. Work Permit:
- A work permit is required for foreign nationals employed in North Macedonia. The employer is responsible for initiating and sponsoring the work permit application.

6. Study:
- If accepted into a recognized educational institution in North Macedonia, you can apply for a student visa.

7. Citizenship and Residency:
- Citizenship in North Macedonia is typically acquired through birth, descent, or naturalization. The requirements for naturalization include residing in the country for a specified period, demonstrating knowledge of the Macedonian language, and meeting other criteria.
- Permanent residency can be obtained through various channels, such as employment, family reunification, or investment.

The allocated time to achieve residency or citizenship can vary depending on the visa type, individual circumstances, and processing times. Fees and required support documents will also vary based on the specific visa or permit being applied for.

It is advisable to consult with the nearest North Macedonian embassy or consulate or seek professional advice to obtain accurate and up-to-date information tailored to your situation.

  • Time To Citizenship
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Tax residents are those who have a permanent abode in Macedonia or stay more than 183 days per year within the country. Residents are taxed on their worldwide income, while non-residents are subject to tax on their Macedonian-source income.

Personal income is taxed at a flat rate of 10%.

Investment income such as dividends, interests and rental income are usually treated as ordinary income and subject to standard tax rates. However, interests from time savings deposits and derived from government bonds and other public loans may be tax-exempt.

Capital gains are subject to a 10% tax on the 70% net gains, with an effective tax rate of 7%.

Macedonia does not have controlled foreign company (CFC) rules, so residents may retain profits on their foreign companies free from Macedonian taxes.

Municipalities levy a 0.10-0.20% tax on real property and its transfer is taxed at a rate that ranges from 2% to 4%.
There is an inheritance tax, between 2% and 4%, depending on the degree of succession. There are no taxes on an individual’s net wealth.

The V.A.T. standard rate is 18%. A reduced rate of 5% applies to certain products.

Referring to corporate taxation, Macedonian resident companies are taxed on their worldwide income at a 10% tax rate. Capital gains are taxed as ordinary income, and distribution of dividends between resident companies are tax-exempt. Payments to non-residents on dividends, interests and royalties are subject to a withholding tax of 10%.

This should not be construed as tax advice. We have access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.

  • Property Tax Yes
  • Transfer Tax Yes
  • Inheritance Tax Yes
  • Net Worth Tax No
  • CFC Law No
  • Tax Residency Days 183
  • Personal Income Tax Rate 10%
  • Capital Gains Tax Rate 7%
  • Investment Income Tax Rate 10%
  • Territorial Taxation No
Visa-Free Explain

Where Can Macedonian Passport Holders Travel Without a Visa?

As of June 2023, Macedonian passport holders can travel visa free to 91 countries and territories:

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Argentina
  • Aruba
  • Austria
  • Bahamas
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Caribbean Netherlands
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Cook Islands
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • French West Indies
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Kosovo
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mayotte
  • Micronesia
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • Nicaragua
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Gambia
  • Tunisia
  • Türkiye
  • Ukraine
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vatican City

For visa-free travels, you still must have a valid passport — usually six months after your departure date— and you must purchase travel health insurance as required by your destination country.

Where Can Macedonian Citizens Go Without a Passport?

Macedonian citizens can enter the following countries without a passport with only an ID card:

  • Albania
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Kosovo
  • Montenegro
  • Serbia

What Countries Issue eVisa to Macedonian Citizens?

The following 18 countries issue eVisas for Macedonian passport holders:

  • Azerbaijan
  • Benin
  • Djibouti
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Guinea
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Kuwait
  • Lesotho
  • Montserrat
  • Pakistan
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Tajikistan
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Vietnam

The process of getting an eVisa is more or less the same as applying for a traditional visa. However, in this case, you don’t have to visit a visa application center— you can submit your application online, including the visa payment.

After your application is approved, you will receive an email confirming your visa status along with a document you must print out and bring with you when crossing the border. Your visa will be registered online, but some officers may ask you for a physical copy of the permit; that is why it’s important to keep the copy on your person while traveling.

What Countries Issue Visa on Arrival to Macedonian Passport Holders?

If you are a Macedonian citizen, you can get a visa on arrival for the 35 countries listed below:

  • Armenia
  • Bangladesh
  • Bolivia
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cabo Verde
  • Comoros
  • Egypt
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Iran
  • Jamaica
  • Jordan
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Palau
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Senegal
  • Seychelles
  • Somalia
  • Taiwan
  • Tanzania
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tuvalu
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

You receive a visa on arrival (VOA) after entering the country that issues such a visa. Usually, there is a separate section at the airport where you can submit your application for your visa on arrival.

Countries With Visa Requirements for Macedonian Citizens

You need a valid visa to enter the following 82 countries with a Macedonian passport:

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Australia
  • Bahrain
  • Barbados
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Botswana
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Costa Rica
  • Ivory Coast
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Falkland Islands
  • Fiji
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guyana
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Philippines
  • Puerto Rico
  • Russia
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Sierra Leone
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • South Sudan
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Lucia
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Thailand
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Yemen
  • Eswatini

The application for a visa goes as follows:

  1. Make an appointment at the visa center in North Macedonia. You must contact a local visa application center in your home country and make an appointment to submit your application. It may take several months to schedule a meeting with the embassy or consulate.
  2. Get your documents ready. To submit a successful application, you have to prepare the required documents for your visa, i.e., passport, application form, health insurance, etc. Some of your documents must be verified with an apostille stamp or certified by a foreign office.
  3. Submit your application. Finally, you can submit your application and attend the visa interview—you may also be required to submit your biometrics. Once you translate your documents as required by the embassy or consulate and verify them with an apostille stamp— if possible, then you can submit your application. From then it will take several weeks until a decision is made regarding your visa application.

Please note that if you have a valid visa that allows you to enter more than one country, you don’t have to apply for a new visa.

What Documents Do Macedonian Citizens Need to Apply for a Visa?

Macedonian citizens that want to visit countries that require them to apply for a visa beforehand need to submit a few documents. Depending on the country you want to visit, document requirements may vary. However, most countries will certainly require the following:

  • Your valid Macedonian passport (plus a photocopy). Some countries require the passport to be valid for more than six months after the day you plan on departing their country.
  • A filled visa application form.
  • Passport pictures that are not older than six months.
  • Travel health insurance that covers your entire period of stay.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Detailed travel itinerary that shows all the places you want to visit.
  • Letter of invitation (if applicable)
  • Proof of booked return ticket for the flight home.
  • Proof of booked accommodation.
  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to cover your visit
  • Civil status documents (marriage papers, certificates of birth, etc.)
Dominica Passport

North Macedonia Passport

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