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Country Details

Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a country located in Northwestern Europe. Here are five important facts about Ireland:

1. Rich Cultural Heritage: Ireland has a rich cultural heritage, with a long history of literature, music, and folklore. The country has produced world-renowned literary figures such as James Joyce, W.B. Yeats, and Oscar Wilde. Traditional Irish music, dance, and storytelling are deeply ingrained in the culture, and festivals like St. Patrick's Day are celebrated with great enthusiasm.

2. Stunning Landscapes: Ireland is known for its breathtaking landscapes, often referred to as the "Emerald Isle." From rolling green hills and rugged coastal cliffs to serene lakes and ancient castles, the country offers a diverse range of natural beauty. Some iconic landmarks include the Cliffs of Moher, the Ring of Kerry, the Giant's Causeway, and the Wild Atlantic Way.

3. Warm and Welcoming People: The people of Ireland are renowned for their warm hospitality and friendliness. Visitors often experience a warm welcome and genuine interest in their experiences. The Irish are known for their sense of humor, storytelling, and love of socializing, which contributes to a vibrant and lively social scene.

4. Rich Historical Sites: Ireland is steeped in history, with numerous historical sites and landmarks to explore. Ancient structures such as Newgrange, a prehistoric monument older than the Egyptian pyramids, and medieval castles like Blarney Castle and Dublin Castle offer a glimpse into Ireland's past. The country's historical legacy includes the Viking influence, the Celtic heritage, and the struggle for independence.

5. Thriving Arts and Literature Scene: Ireland has a vibrant arts and literature scene, with a strong tradition of storytelling and artistic expression. Dublin, the capital city, is home to the famous Trinity College, which houses the Book of Kells, an illuminated manuscript dating back to the 9th century. The city also hosts the annual Dublin Writers Festival and is known for its vibrant theater scene.


Immigration Details

To immigrate to Ireland, there are several visa options available depending on your purpose of stay. Here are the main pathways and their requirements:

1. Short-Term Visa:
- Purpose: This visa allows you to stay in Ireland for up to 90 days for tourism, business, or family visits.
- Requirements: You will need to provide proof of travel insurance, accommodation arrangements, sufficient funds to cover your stay, and a valid travel document.
- Duration: Up to 90 days within a 180-day period.

2. Employment Permits:
- Purpose: If you have a job offer from an Irish employer, you may be eligible for an employment permit.
- Requirements: The specific requirements depend on the type of employment permit. Generally, you need a job offer from a registered Irish employer, and the employer must demonstrate that they could not find suitable candidates within the European Economic Area (EEA).
- Duration: The duration of the employment permit depends on the type and terms of the permit.

3. Startup Entrepreneur Programme:
- Purpose: This program is designed for non-EEA entrepreneurs who wish to establish a high-potential startup business in Ireland.
- Requirements: You must have an innovative business proposal, secure funding of at least €50,000, and meet specific criteria set by the program.
- Duration: Initially granted for two years, with the possibility of extending for an additional three years.

4. Critical Skills Employment Permit:
- Purpose: This permit is for highly skilled professionals in occupations with skills shortages in Ireland.
- Requirements: You must have a job offer in a qualifying occupation, meet the minimum salary threshold, and have the necessary qualifications or experience.
- Duration: The critical skills employment permit is typically granted for two years, with the possibility of renewal and a pathway to long-term residency.

5. Study Visa:
- Purpose: This visa allows you to study at an Irish educational institution.
- Requirements: You need an acceptance letter from a recognized Irish educational institution, proof of sufficient funds to cover tuition fees and living expenses, and evidence of health insurance.
- Duration: The duration depends on the length of your study program.

6. Investor Visa:
- Purpose: This visa is for individuals who wish to invest a substantial amount in Ireland.
- Requirements: You need to make an eligible investment, such as investing €1 million in an Irish enterprise or €2 million in an approved investment fund.
- Duration: The investor visa is typically granted for five years, with the possibility of renewal.

7. Long-Term Residence:
- Purpose: Long-term residence permits allow non-EEA nationals to live and work in Ireland.
- Requirements: You must have legally resided in Ireland for a certain period (usually five years), hold a valid residence permit, demonstrate good character, and meet specific conditions.
- Duration: Long-term residence permits grant the right to reside in Ireland indefinitely.

8. Citizenship:
- Purpose: Irish citizenship provides full rights and benefits, including the ability to live and work in Ireland and other European Union countries.
- Requirements: The requirements for citizenship include being a legal resident in Ireland for a certain period, demonstrating good character, meeting language and integration requirements, and fulfilling specific criteria for citizenship through naturalization or ancestry.
- Duration: The citizenship application process can take several years.


  • Time To Citizenship
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An individual is tax resident in Ireland, if he or she spends more than 6 months in a year within the country or has spent a total of 280 days in two consecutive years, or has been tax resident the preceding three years.

Tax residents are subject to tax on their worldwide income, while non-residents are taxed on their profits arising in Ireland.

Personal income is taxed at progressive tax rates up to 40% on annual income exceeding €33,800.

Dividends are taxed at standard rates, although individuals who are resident but not domiciled in Ireland are not subject to tax on their foreign investment income, provided that it is not remitted to the country.

Interest income is usually taxed at 39%, although certain exemptions may apply.

Capital gains are taxed separately at a flat tax rate of 33%. A rate of 40% applies in the case of certain interests in funds and life assurance policies.

Rental income is considered ordinary income and therefore taxed at the applicative tax rate.

As of January 2019, Ireland has implemented the EU-wide Anti-Tax Avoidance Directive Measures, which include new rules on controlled foreign companies (CFCs).

Property tax is levied by municipalities at a 0.18% rate for properties with a market value up to €1m and 0.25% on properties over €1m. Transfers of properties are subject to a stamp duty between 1% and 2%.

Assets passing on death and on lifetime gifts are subject to a capital acquisition tax at a 33% rate.
There are no taxes on net wealth in Ireland.

The V.A.T. standard rate is 23%. Reduced rates of 13.5%, 9% and 4.5% may apply for certain goods and services.

This should not be construed as tax advice. We have access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.

  • Property Tax Yes
  • Transfer Tax Yes
  • Inheritance Tax Yes
  • Net Worth Tax No
  • CFC Law Yes
  • Tax Residency Days 183
  • Personal Income Tax Rate 40%
  • Capital Gains Tax Rate 33%
  • Investment Income Tax Rate 40%
  • Territorial Taxation No


Visa-Free Explain

Where Can Irish Passport Holders Travel Without a Visa?

As of June 2023, Irish passport holders can travel visa free to 150 countries and territories:

  • Albania
  • American Samoa
  • Andorra
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bolivia
  • Caribbean Netherlands
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cayman Islands
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • French West Indies
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Lesotho
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niue
  • North Macedonia
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • San Marino
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Gambia
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Türkiye
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vatican City
  • Venezuela
  • Zambia
  • Eswatini

For visa-free travels, you still must have a valid passport — usually six months after your departure date— and you must purchase travel health insurance as required by your destination country.

Where Can Irish Citizens Go Without a Passport?

Irish citizens can enter the following countries without a passport with only an ID card:

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom

What Countries Issue eVisa to Irish Citizens?

The following 12 countries issue eVisas for Irish passport holders:

  • Angola
  • Azerbaijan
  • Benin
  • Djibouti
  • Ethiopia
  • Guinea
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Myanmar
  • Pakistan
  • Uganda
  • Vietnam

The process of getting an eVisa is more or less the same as applying for a traditional visa. However, in this case, you don’t have to visit a visa application center— you can submit your application online, including the visa payment.

After your application is approved, you will receive an email confirming your visa status along with a document you must print out and bring with you when crossing the border. Your visa will be registered online, but some officers may ask you for a physical copy of the permit; that is why it’s important to keep the copy on your person while traveling.

What Countries Issue Visa on Arrival to Irish Passport Holders?

If you are an Irish citizen, you can get a visa on arrival for the 37 countries listed below:

  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Comoros
  • Egypt
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Iran
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Mauritania
  • Mongolia
  • Nepal
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • Saint Helena
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Zimbabwe

You receive a visa on arrival (VOA) after entering the country that issues such a visa. Usually, there is a separate section at the airport where you can submit your application for your visa on arrival.

Countries With Visa Requirements for Irish Citizens

You need a valid visa to enter the following 27 countries with an Irish passport:

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Bhutan
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Ivory Coast
  • Cuba
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Ghana
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Nauru
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Russia
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Turkmenistan
  • Yemen

The application for a visa goes as follows:

  1. Make an appointment at the visa center in Ireland. You must contact a local visa application center in your home country and make an appointment to submit your application. It may take several months to schedule a meeting with the embassy or consulate.
  2. Get your documents ready. To submit a successful application, you have to prepare the required documents for your visa, i.e., passport, application form, health insurance, etc. Some of your documents must be verified with an apostille stamp or certified by a foreign office.
  3. Submit your application. Finally, you can submit your application and attend the visa interview—you may also be required to submit your biometrics. Once you translate your documents as required by the embassy or consulate and verify them with an apostille stamp— if possible, then you can submit your application. From then it will take several weeks until a decision is made regarding your visa application.

Please note that if you have a valid visa that allows you to enter more than one country, you don’t have to apply for a new visa.

What Documents Do Irish Citizens Need to Apply for a Visa?

Irish citizens that want to visit countries that require them to apply for a visa beforehand need to submit a few documents. Depending on the country you want to visit, document requirements may vary. However, most countries will certainly require the following:

  • Your valid Irish passport (plus a photocopy). Some countries require the passport to be valid for more than six months after the day you plan on departing their country.
  • A filled visa application form.
  • Passport pictures that are not older than six months.
  • Travel health insurance that covers your entire period of stay.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Detailed travel itinerary that shows all the places you want to visit.
  • Letter of invitation (if applicable)
  • Proof of booked return ticket for the flight home.
  • Proof of booked accommodation.
  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to cover your visit
  • Civil status documents (marriage papers, certificates of birth, etc.)
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