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Country Details

Turkey, officially known as the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. Here are five important facts about Turkey:

1. Rich Historical and Cultural Heritage: Turkey has a rich history that spans thousands of years. It has been home to several ancient civilizations, including the Hittites, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, and Ottomans. This diverse historical background is reflected in its architecture, archaeological sites, and cultural traditions. Iconic landmarks such as the Hagia Sophia, Ephesus, Cappadocia, and Troy attract millions of tourists each year.

2. Strategic Geographical Location: Turkey holds a strategic position between Europe and Asia, serving as a bridge between different cultures and continents. It has coastlines along the Mediterranean, Aegean, and Black Seas, providing access to important maritime trade routes. The country's unique location also contributes to its cultural diversity and influences its cuisine, language, and traditions.

3. Vibrant and Dynamic Cities:Turkey is home to bustling cities that blend modernity with historical charm. Istanbul, the largest city and former capital, straddles Europe and Asia, offering a vibrant mix of cultures, iconic landmarks, and a bustling bazaar culture. Other notable cities include Ankara (the capital), Izmir, Antalya, and Bursa, each with its own distinctive character and attractions.

4. Natural Beauty and Tourism: Turkey boasts diverse natural landscapes that attract nature lovers and adventure seekers. From the pristine beaches along the Turkish Riviera to the otherworldly rock formations of Cappadocia, the country offers a wide range of natural wonders. Pamukkale's terraces of mineral-rich hot springs and Mount Ararat's majestic peaks are additional highlights. Turkey is also known for its thermal spas, national parks, and hiking trails.

5. Turkish Cuisine and Hospitality: Turkish cuisine is renowned for its flavors and variety. Influenced by Ottoman, Middle Eastern, Mediterranean, and Central Asian cuisines, Turkish dishes are a delightful blend of spices, fresh ingredients, and traditional cooking techniques. Popular dishes include kebabs, mezes (appetizers), baklava (a sweet pastry), and Turkish tea. Turkish people are known for their warm hospitality and welcoming nature, making visitors feel at home.

These important facts highlight Turkey's rich history, strategic geographical location, vibrant cities, natural beauty, and culinary delights. Turkey offers a captivating mix of ancient wonders, cultural experiences, natural landscapes, and warm hospitality, making it a popular destination for travelers seeking a diverse and memorable experience.

Immigration Details

To immigrate to Turkey, there are several pathways you can consider, including the Golden Visa program, establishing a company, obtaining a work permit, studying in Turkey, and applying for citizenship or residency. Here's an overview of each option:

1. Golden Visa Program:
- Capital requirements: The Golden Visa program in Turkey requires a minimum real estate investment of $250,000. This investment must be maintained for at least three years.
- Residency permit: By fulfilling the investment requirements, you can obtain a residence permit in Turkey for yourself and your family members.
- Timeline and fees: The processing time for the Golden Visa program can vary, but it typically takes a few months. The fees include the cost of the property, legal fees, and administrative charges.

2. Establishing a Company:
- Capital requirements: To establish a company in Turkey, there are no specific capital requirements. The amount of capital needed will depend on the nature and scale of the business you plan to establish.
- Employing locals: As a company owner, you can employ Turkish citizens. The employment requirements and regulations can be obtained from Turkish authorities or legal professionals.
- Residency permit: As a company owner, you may be eligible to apply for a residency permit based on entrepreneurship or investment, subject to meeting specific criteria and requirements.
- Timeline and fees: The timeline for establishing a company and obtaining a residency permit can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees can include company registration costs, legal fees, visa application fees, and other administrative charges.

3. Work Permit:
- Finding a job: Secure a job offer from a Turkish employer. The employer will need to sponsor your work permit application and provide necessary documentation, including an employment contract and proof of qualifications.
- Work permit: Once you have a job offer, your employer will apply for a work permit on your behalf. The type of work permit will depend on the job category and your qualifications.
- Residency permit: Depending on the duration of your employment and circumstances, you may be eligible to apply for a residency permit based on employment.
- Timeline and fees: The processing time for work permits and residency permits can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees can include work permit application fees, legal fees, and other administrative charges.

4. Study-based Immigration:
- Obtain admission: Apply and get accepted into a recognized educational institution in Turkey.
- Student visa: Once accepted, you will need to apply for a student visa, which allows you to reside in Turkey for the duration of your studies.
- Residency permit: Depending on your circumstances, you may be able to transition from a student visa to a residency permit based on employment or other eligible categories.
- Timeline and fees: The processing time for student visas and residency permits can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees typically include visa application fees, tuition fees, and other administrative charges.

5. Citizenship or Residency:
- Citizenship: To obtain Turkish citizenship, you may be eligible through marriage to a Turkish citizen, descent, or by maintaining a continuous residence period. The specific requirements can be obtained from Turkish authorities or legal professionals.
- Residency permit: If you do not qualify for citizenship, you can apply for a long-term residence permit, which grants legal residency in Turkey without citizenship rights.
- Timeline and fees: The timeline for obtaining citizenship or a residency permit can vary significantly, often taking several years. The fees depend on the specific process, including application fees, legal fees, and other administrative costs.

It's important to note that immigration regulations and requirements in Turkey can change over time. Therefore, it's advisable to consult with Turkish authorities or seek professional advice to obtain the most accurate and up-to


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To be a tax resident in Turkey, an individual must have their legal residency in Turkey or stay at least 6 months per year in the country. Persons who stay more than 6 months due to a temporary assignment, may be considered as non-residents.

Residents are subject to tax on their worldwide income, while non-residents pay taxes on their Turkish-source income.
Personal income is taxed at progressive rates up to 35% on income exceeding TRY110,000.

Capital gains are subject to personal income tax. This excludes gains from the sale of real property held for more than 5 years. Certain gains derived from the sale of shares and capital market instruments may be tax exempt.

Dividends received from local entities are usually 50% tax-exempt; those from non-resident entities are fully taxable. A minimum tax-exempt threshold may apply.

Interest income is taxed between 0% and 18% depending on its nature. Rental income is considered taxable income, but an exemption may apply subject to certain conditions.

Turkey has enacted controlled foreign companies (CFC) rules. This means that profits retained in foreign entities owned and/or deemed to be controlled by tax residents, may be attributable if certain conditions are met.

Real property tax is levied at rates that range from 0.1% to 0.3%, depending on the type of property. Both buyers and sellers of real property are subject to a transfer tax of 4% (2% for each party).
Gifts are taxed at progressive rates from 10% to 30% and inheritances between 1% and 10%.

There is no wealth tax in Turkey.
V.A.T. is levied at a 18% rate. Reduced rates of 8% and 1% may apply for certain goods and services.

This should not be construed as tax advice. We have access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.

  • Property Tax Yes
  • Transfer Tax Yes
  • Inheritance Tax Yes
  • Net Worth Tax No
  • CFC Law Yes
  • Tax Residency Days 183
  • Personal Income Tax Rate 35%
  • Capital Gains Tax Rate 35%
  • Investment Income Tax Rate 17.5%
  • Territorial Taxation No
Visa-Free Explain

Where Can Turkish Passport Holders Travel Without a Visa?

As of June 2023, Turkish passport holders can travel visa free to 77 countries and territories:

  • Albania
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belize
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Fiji
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Indonesia
  • Iran
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Nicaragua
  • Niue
  • North Macedonia
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Qatar
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Sri Lanka
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Thailand
  • Gambia
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Ukraine
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela
  • Eswatini

For visa-free travels, you still must have a valid passport — usually six months after your departure date— and you must purchase travel health insurance as required by your destination country.

Where Can Turkish Citizens Go Without a Passport?

Turkish citizens can enter the following countries without a passport with only an ID card:

  • Azerbaijan
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Georgia
  • Moldova
  • Serbia

What Countries Issue eVisa to Turkish Citizens?

The following 10 countries issue eVisas for Turkish passport holders:

  • Benin
  • Djibouti
  • Ethiopia
  • Guinea
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Montserrat
  • Myanmar
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates

The process of getting an eVisa is more or less the same as applying for a traditional visa. However, in this case, you don’t have to visit a visa application center— you can submit your application online, including the visa payment.

After your application is approved, you will receive an email confirming your visa status along with a document you must print out and bring with you when crossing the border. Your visa will be registered online, but some officers may ask you for a physical copy of the permit; that is why it’s important to keep the copy on your person while traveling.

What Countries Issue Visa on Arrival to Turkish Passport Holders?

If you are a Turkish citizen, you can get a visa on arrival for the 34 countries listed below:

  • Armenia
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cabo Verde
  • Comoros
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Kuwait
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Madagascar
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Palau
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Somalia
  • Sudan
  • Taiwan
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Tuvalu
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

You receive a visa on arrival (VOA) after entering the country that issues such a visa. Usually, there is a separate section at the airport where you can submit your application for your visa on arrival.

Countries With Visa Requirements for Turkish Citizens

You need a valid visa to enter the following 105 countries with a Turkish passport:

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Caribbean Netherlands
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Ivory Coast
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Egypt
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • French West Indies
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guyana
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Kiribati
  • Latvia
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Mayotte
  • Monaco
  • Nauru
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Palestine
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • South Sudan
  • Spain
  • Saint Helena
  • Saint Martin
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Vatican City
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen

The application for a visa goes as follows:

  1. Make an appointment at the visa center in Türkiye. You must contact a local visa application center in your home country and make an appointment to submit your application. It may take several months to schedule a meeting with the embassy or consulate.
  2. Get your documents ready. To submit a successful application, you have to prepare the required documents for your visa, i.e., passport, application form, health insurance, etc. Some of your documents must be verified with an apostille stamp or certified by a foreign office.
  3. Submit your application. Finally, you can submit your application and attend the visa interview—you may also be required to submit your biometrics. Once you translate your documents as required by the embassy or consulate and verify them with an apostille stamp— if possible, then you can submit your application. From then it will take several weeks until a decision is made regarding your visa application.

Please note that if you have a valid visa that allows you to enter more than one country, you don’t have to apply for a new visa.

What Documents Do Turkish Citizens Need to Apply for a Visa?

Turkish citizens that want to visit countries that require them to apply for a visa beforehand need to submit a few documents. Depending on the country you want to visit, document requirements may vary. However, most countries will certainly require the following:

  • Your valid Turkish passport (plus a photocopy). Some countries require the passport to be valid for more than six months after the day you plan on departing their country.
  • A filled visa application form.
  • Passport pictures that are not older than six months.
  • Travel health insurance that covers your entire period of stay.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Detailed travel itinerary that shows all the places you want to visit.
  • Letter of invitation (if applicable)
  • Proof of booked return ticket for the flight home.
  • Proof of booked accommodation.
  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to cover your visit
  • Civil status documents (marriage papers, certificates of birth, etc.)
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