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Country Details

1. Status: Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. It is not an independent country but enjoys a unique relationship with the United States. Puerto Rico has a local government and elects its own governor and legislature, but its residents are also U.S. citizens.

2. Culture and Language: Puerto Rico has a rich and diverse culture influenced by a blend of Spanish, African, and indigenous Taino traditions. The official languages are Spanish and English, with Spanish being the most widely spoken. Puerto Rican culture is known for its vibrant music, dance, cuisine, and festivals, such as the famous Carnaval de Ponce and the San Sebastián Street Festival.

3. Economy: The economy of Puerto Rico is primarily based on manufacturing, services, and tourism. It benefits from its status as a U.S. territory, which grants it access to U.S. federal programs and trade benefits. Key industries include pharmaceuticals, electronics, textiles, and tourism. The beautiful beaches, historical sites, and natural landscapes make Puerto Rico a popular tourist destination.

4. Political Status: Puerto Rico has debated its political status for many years. Currently, it is a self-governing territory of the United States, known as a commonwealth. Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens but cannot vote in U.S. presidential elections. There have been ongoing discussions and referendums regarding the island's political future, including the options of statehood, independence, or maintaining the current status.

5. Natural Beauty: Puerto Rico is renowned for its stunning natural beauty. It features diverse ecosystems, including tropical rainforests, mangroves, mountains, and pristine beaches. The El Yunque National Forest is the only tropical rainforest within the U.S. National Forest System. The island also boasts various natural wonders, such as the bioluminescent Mosquito Bay and the dramatic limestone formations of the Camuy Caves.


Immigration Details

To immigrate to Puerto Rico, which is a territory of the United States, here are the main ways to obtain residency or citizenship:

1. Visa Types:
- U.S. Nonimmigrant Visas: Puerto Rico follows the same visa categories as the United States. Some common visa types include tourist visas (B-2), student visas (F-1), and work visas (such as H-1B for specialty occupation workers).
- U.S. Immigrant Visas: Immigrant visas, such as family-sponsored visas (e.g., F-2A, F-2B) or employment-based visas (e.g., EB-1, EB-2), can lead to permanent residency in Puerto Rico.

2. Investment:
- Puerto Rico offers the Act 20 and Act 22 programs, also known as the Export Services Act and Individual Investors Act, respectively. These programs provide tax incentives for businesses and individuals relocating to Puerto Rico.
- Act 20: Provides tax incentives for businesses exporting services from Puerto Rico.
- Act 22: Offers tax incentives to individuals who become bona fide residents of Puerto Rico and meet certain criteria.
- These programs require specific investment and compliance with certain criteria. It is advisable to consult with professionals familiar with Puerto Rico's tax laws and regulations.

3. Real Estate Investment:
- Purchasing property in Puerto Rico does not automatically grant residency or citizenship, but it can be a factor considered when applying for certain visas or residency programs.

4. Work Permit:
- If you have a job offer from an employer in Puerto Rico, they will need to sponsor your work permit application.
- The specific requirements for work permits will depend on the visa category and the job position being offered.

5. Study:
- If accepted into an accredited educational institution in Puerto Rico, you can apply for a student visa.

6. Citizenship and Residency:
- Puerto Rico is a U.S. territory, and Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens. As such, U.S. citizenship and residency rules apply.
- Permanent residency (green card) in Puerto Rico can be obtained through various channels, such as family sponsorship or employment-based immigration.
- Citizenship can be acquired through birth in Puerto Rico, birth to U.S. citizen parents, or naturalization.

The allocated time to achieve residency or citizenship can vary depending on the visa type, individual circumstances, and visa backlogs. Processing times can range from a few months to several years. Fees and support document requirements will also vary based on the specific visa or permit being applied for.

It is recommended to consult with the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate or seek professional advice to obtain accurate and up-to-date information tailored to your situation.

  • Time To Citizenship
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In accordance with the Puerto Rico’s Acts 22 and 138, the so-called Individual Investors Act, residents may be eligible for a tax-exemption on their passive income such as dividends, interests and capital gains.

By moving your investments or your company to Puerto Rico, investment income may be exempt from local taxes, and if it is not sourced from the mainland US, it may not be subject to US Federal personal income taxes.

To qualify for the exemptions, you must have not resided in Puerto Rico in the previous 6 years, and become a bonafide resident of Puerto Rico. This implies residing in the island for more than 183 days per year, filling out IRS forms, such as form 8898, and applying for a tax exemption decree from the Secretary of Economic Development and Commerce of Puerto Rico.

The tax exemption decree will provide details of the tax treatment and shall be considered a contract between you, as Resident Individual Investor, and the Puerto Rico government.

Once granted, the tax-exemption will be valid until 2035.

In addition, if you are an entrepreneur with a service-oriented online business, you may move to and incorporate in Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico’s Act 20 provides a 4% corporate tax rate on qualifying export services income or 3% CIT when more than 90% of the eligible business’ gross income is derived from export services, and such services are considered strategic services, according to the criteria established in Act No. 20.

Puerto Rico has recently amended Act 20, waiving the 5 employees requirement for businesses to qualify for this tax regime.

So you can set up your international business in Puerto Rico, pay 4% corporate income tax and get the dividends tax-free.

  • Property Tax Yes
  • Transfer Tax No
  • Inheritance Tax No
  • Net Worth Tax No
  • CFC Law No
  • Tax Residency Days 183
  • Personal Income Tax Rate 33%
  • Capital Gains Tax Rate 0%
  • Investment Income Tax Rate 0%
  • Territorial Taxation Yes
Visa-Free Explain

Where Can Dominican Passport Holders Travel Without a Visa?

As of June 2023, Puerto Rico passport holders can travel visa free to 113 countries and territories:

  • Andorra
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Aruba
  • Austria
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Caribbean Netherlands
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Bulgaria
  • Cayman Islands
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • Estonia
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • French West Indies
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Kosovo
  • Latvia
  • Lesotho
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mauritius
  • Mayotte
  • Micronesia
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • Niue
  • Norway
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Tanzania
  • Gambia
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vatican City
  • Venezuela
  • Zambia
  • Eswatini

For visa-free travels, you still must have a valid passport — usually six months after your departure date— and you must purchase travel health insurance as required by your destination country.

Where Can Dominican Citizens Go Without a Passport?

Puerto Rico citizens can enter the following countries without a passport with only an ID card:

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

What Countries Issue eVisa to Puerto Rico Citizens?

The following 21 countries issue eVisas for Puerto Rico passport holders:

  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Benin
  • Djibouti
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Georgia
  • Guinea
  • India
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Qatar
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Taiwan
  • Tajikistan
  • Türkiye
  • Uganda
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Zimbabwe

The process of getting an eVisa is more or less the same as applying for a traditional visa. However, in this case, you don’t have to visit a visa application center— you can submit your application online, including the visa payment.

After your application is approved, you will receive an email confirming your visa status along with a document you must print out and bring with you when crossing the border. Your visa will be registered online, but some officers may ask you for a physical copy of the permit; that is why it’s important to keep the copy on your person while traveling.

Countries With Visa Requirements for Puerto Rico Citizens

You need a valid visa to enter the following 61 countries with a Puerto Rico passport:

  • Afghanistan
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Angola
  • Australia
  • Bhutan
  • Brunei
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Ivory Coast
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Falkland Islands
  • Ghana
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Iraq
  • Japan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Lebanon
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mexico
  • Mongolia
  • Morocco
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • New Zealand
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • North Macedonia
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Puerto Rico
  • Saudi Arabia
  • South Africa
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Thailand
  • Tunisia
  • Turkmenistan
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • United States
  • Vietnam
  • Yemen

The application for a visa goes as follows:

  1. Make an appointment at the visa center in Dominica. You must contact a local visa application center in your home country and make an appointment to submit your application. It may take several months to schedule a meeting with the embassy or consulate.
  2. Get your documents ready. To submit a successful application, you have to prepare the required documents for your visa, i.e., passport, application form, health insurance, etc. Some of your documents must be verified with an apostille stamp or certified by a foreign office.
  3. Submit your application. Finally, you can submit your application and attend the visa interview—you may also be required to submit your biometrics. Once you translate your documents as required by the embassy or consulate and verify them with an apostille stamp— if possible, then you can submit your application. From then it will take several weeks until a decision is made regarding your visa application.

Please note that if you have a valid visa that allows you to enter more than one country, you don’t have to apply for a new visa.

What Documents Do Puerto Rico Citizens Need to Apply for a Visa?

Puerto Rico citizens that want to visit countries that require them to apply for a visa beforehand need to submit a few documents. Depending on the country you want to visit, document requirements may vary. However, most countries will certainly require the following:

  • Your valid Puerto Rico passport (plus a photocopy). Some countries require the passport to be valid for more than six months after the day you plan on departing their country.
  • A filled visa application form.
  • Passport pictures that are not older than six months.
  • Travel health insurance that covers your entire period of stay.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Detailed travel itinerary that shows all the places you want to visit.
  • Letter of invitation (if applicable)
  • Proof of booked return ticket for the flight home.
  • Proof of booked accommodation.
  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to cover your visit
  • Civil status documents (marriage papers, certificates of birth, etc.)
Dominica Passport

Puerto Rico Passport

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