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Country Details

Andorra is a small principality located in the eastern Pyrenees Mountains between Spain and France. Here are five important facts about Andorra:

1. Unique Political System: Andorra has a unique political system as it is a co-principality ruled by two heads of state, the Bishop of Urgell in Spain and the President of France. The country is a parliamentary democracy with its own constitution, but it maintains close ties with its neighboring countries. Andorra is not a member of the European Union but uses the euro as its official currency.

2. Stunning Mountainous Landscapes: Andorra is known for its breathtaking mountainous landscapes, making it a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts. The country is characterized by its rugged peaks, deep valleys, and picturesque alpine lakes. It offers excellent opportunities for skiing, snowboarding, hiking, and mountain biking. The Grandvalira and Vallnord ski resorts attract visitors from around the world during the winter months.

3. Tax Haven and Shopping Destination: Andorra has long been known as a tax haven due to its low tax rates. The absence of personal income tax and low corporate tax rates have made it an attractive destination for shopping and tourism. Andorra la Vella, the capital city, is renowned for its duty-free shopping, offering a wide range of products including electronics, fashion, and luxury goods.

4. Rich Cultural Heritage: Andorra has a rich cultural heritage influenced by its Catalan roots. The country preserves its traditions and customs through various festivals and events, including the famous "Festa Major d'Andorra la Vella" and the "Festa dels Contrabandistes" (Smugglers' Festival). The Romanesque architecture of Andorra's churches and the historical sites, such as the Casa de la Vall (the historic parliament building), provide glimpses into the country's past.

5. Environmental Conservation: Andorra places great emphasis on environmental conservation and sustainability. The country is committed to preserving its natural resources and promoting eco-friendly practices. Andorra has established several nature parks and protected areas, including the Comapedrosa Valley National Park and the Sorteny Valley Natural Park, which are home to diverse flora and fauna.

These important facts highlight Andorra's unique political system, stunning mountainous landscapes, status as a tax haven and shopping destination, rich cultural heritage, and commitment to environmental conservation. Andorra offers a mix of outdoor activities, cultural experiences, and a unique blend of Catalan and international influences, making it an intriguing destination for travelers.

Immigration Details

Andorra does not currently have a Golden Visa program. However, there are other pathways to immigrate to Andorra. Let's explore some options:

1. Establishing a Company:
- Capital requirements: To establish a company in Andorra, there are no specific capital requirements. The amount of capital needed will depend on the nature and scale of the business you plan to establish.
- Employing locals: As a company owner, you can employ Andorran citizens. The employment requirements and regulations can be obtained from Andorran authorities or legal professionals.
- Residency permit: As a company owner, you may be eligible to apply for a residency permit based on entrepreneurship or investment, subject to meeting specific criteria and requirements.
- Timeline and fees: The timeline for establishing a company and obtaining a residency permit can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees can include company registration costs, legal fees, visa application fees, and other administrative charges.

2. Real Estate Investment:
- Investment in real estate: Andorra offers residency permits through real estate investments. The minimum investment threshold is currently set at €500,000.
- Residency permit: Upon making the qualifying real estate investment, you can apply for a residency permit in Andorra.
- Timeline and fees: The timeline for obtaining a residency permit through real estate investment can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees include property purchase costs, legal fees, residency application fees, and other administrative expenses.

3. Work Permit:
- Finding a job: Securing a job offer from an Andorran employer is necessary for obtaining a work permit. The employer will need to sponsor your work permit and provide necessary documentation, including an employment contract and proof of qualifications.
- Work permit: Once you have a job offer, your employer will apply for a work permit on your behalf. The type of work permit will depend on the job category and your qualifications.
- Residency permit: Depending on the duration of your employment and circumstances, you may be eligible to apply for a residency permit based on employment.
- Timeline and fees: The processing time for work permits and residency permits can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees can include work permit application fees, legal fees, and other administrative charges.

4. Study-based Immigration:
- Obtain admission: Apply and get accepted into a recognized educational institution in Andorra.
- Student visa: Once accepted, you will need to apply for a student visa, which allows you to reside in Andorra for the duration of your studies.
- Residency permit: Depending on your circumstances, you may be able to transition from a student visa to a residency permit based on employment or other eligible categories.
- Timeline and fees: The processing time for student visas and residency permits can vary, but it generally takes several months. The fees typically include visa application fees, tuition fees, and other administrative charges.

5. Citizenship or Residency:
- Citizenship: Obtaining Andorran citizenship typically requires residing in Andorra for a specified period, demonstrating knowledge of the Catalan language, passing citizenship tests, and meeting other eligibility criteria. Dual citizenship is allowed in Andorra.
- Residency permit: If you do not qualify for citizenship, you may consider applying for a permanent residency permit, which grants legal residency status in Andorra without citizenship rights.
- Timeline and fees: The timeline for obtaining citizenship or a residency permit can vary significantly, often taking several years. The fees depend on the specific process, including application fees, language test fees, legal fees, and other administrative costs.

It's important to note that immigration regulations and requirements in Andorra can change over time. Therefore, it's advisable to consult with Andorran authorities or seek professional

advice to obtain the most accurate and up-to-date information based on your specific circumstances.

  • Time To Citizenship
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Becoming an Andorran resident does not automatically make you a tax resident. To be a tax resident you must spend more than 183 days per year within the country or have your center of vital/economic interests in Andorra.

Tax residents are subject to personal income tax on their worldwide profits. Non-residents are taxed on their income derived from Andorra.

The personal income standard tax rate is 10%. Annual income up to €24,000 is tax-exempt and income between €24,000 and €40,000 is taxed at a 5% rate.

Dividends received from resident entities are exempt from taxation, whereas those received from non-resident companies are taxable. Interest of bank savings are subject to the standard income tax rate, but an exemption on the first €3,000 may apply.

Capital gains are considered ordinary income and therefore subject to personal income tax. Capital gains from the transfer of immovable property are taxed separately at a progressive rate that ranges from 0% to 15%, depending on the length of time that the property has been held. Properties held for more than 12 years may be exempted from taxation.

Capital gains derived from qualifying participations, whether from Andorran or foreign companies, are usually exempt from taxation.

There are no controlled foreign companies' (CFC) regulations in Andorra. This means that profits retained in non-resident companies by a resident natural or legal person are not subject to taxation.

There is a property tax at an average of €100 per property yearly. Transfer of immovable properties between individuals is subject to a transfer tax between 1.5% and 2.5% of the purchase price.

The standard V.A.T. rate is 4.5%, though certain goods and services are taxed at reduced rates of 2.5%, 1% and 0%. Financial and banking services are subject to a 9.5% tax rate.

There are no net worth and inheritance taxes in Andorra.
Regarding corporate taxation, resident companies are subject to a 10% tax on their worldwide profits. However, companies mostly engaging in international business involving intangible assets, international trading and financial management and investment activities, may request an 80% tax base reduction.

Dividends and capital gains derived from qualified participations may be tax exempt, provided that the exclusive purpose of the company is managing interests in non-resident entities. Capital gains derived from immovable assets are subject to rates between 0% and 15%.

Dividends and interests paid to non-residents are exempt from withholding tax, whereas royalties are taxed at a 5% rate. Professional fees paid abroad are taxed at 10%.

This should not be construed as tax advice. We have access to a global network of qualified attorneys and accountants who can give you the proper advice for your particular circumstances. Contact us for further information.

  • Property Tax Yes
  • Transfer Tax Yes
  • Inheritance Tax No
  • Net Worth Tax No
  • CFC Law No
  • Tax Residency Days 183
  • Personal Income Tax Rate 10%
  • Capital Gains Tax Rate 15%
  • Investment Income Tax Rate 10%
  • Territorial Taxation No
Visa-Free Explain

Where Can Andorran Passport Holders Travel Without a Visa?

As of June 2023, Andorran passport holders can travel visa free to 128 countries and territories:

  • Albania
  • American Samoa
  • Anguilla
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahamas
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Bermuda
  • Bolivia
  • Caribbean Netherlands
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Cayman Islands
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia
  • Denmark
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Ecuador
  • El Salvador
  • Estonia
  • Falkland Islands
  • Faroe Islands
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Guiana
  • French Polynesia
  • French West Indies
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Gibraltar
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Indonesia
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • Kosovo
  • Latvia
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macau
  • Malaysia
  • Malta
  • Mayotte
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia
  • Moldova
  • Monaco
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niue
  • North Macedonia
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Palestine
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • San Marino
  • São Tomé and Príncipe
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • South Africa
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Gambia
  • Tunisia
  • Türkiye
  • United States Virgin Islands
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Vatican City
  • Venezuela
  • Eswatini

For visa-free travels, you still must have a valid passport — usually six months after your departure date— and you must purchase travel health insurance as required by your destination country.

What Countries Issue eVisa to Andorran Citizens?

The following 14 countries issue eVisas for Andorran passport holders:

  • Angola
  • Azerbaijan
  • Benin
  • Djibouti
  • Ethiopia
  • Gabon
  • Guinea
  • India
  • Kenya
  • Lesotho
  • Pakistan
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Uganda
  • Vietnam

The process of getting an eVisa is more or less the same as applying for a traditional visa. However, in this case, you don’t have to visit a visa application center— you can submit your application online, including the visa payment.

After your application is approved, you will receive an email confirming your visa status along with a document you must print out and bring with you when crossing the border. Your visa will be registered online, but some officers may ask you for a physical copy of the permit; that is why it’s important to keep the copy on your person while traveling.

What Countries Issue Visa on Arrival to Andorran Passport Holders?

If you are an Andorran citizen, you can get a visa on arrival for the 41 countries listed below:

  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Burundi
  • Cambodia
  • Cabo Verde
  • Comoros
  • Egypt
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Iran
  • Jamaica
  • Jordan
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Laos
  • Lebanon
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Maldives
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Mozambique
  • Nepal
  • Palau
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Rwanda
  • Samoa
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Seychelles
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • Saint Helena
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tuvalu
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe

You receive a visa on arrival (VOA) after entering the country that issues such a visa. Usually, there is a separate section at the airport where you can submit your application for your visa on arrival.

Countries With Visa Requirements for Andorran Citizens

You need a valid visa to enter the following 43 countries with an Andorran passport:

  • Afghanistan
  • Algeria
  • Barbados
  • Bhutan
  • Botswana
  • Brunei
  • Burkina Faso
  • Cameroon
  • Central African Republic
  • Chad
  • China
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Republic of the Congo
  • Ivory Coast
  • Cuba
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Fiji
  • Ghana
  • Grenada
  • Guyana
  • Iraq
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kiribati
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Mali
  • Mongolia
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Korea
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Sudan
  • Sudan
  • Syria
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Yemen

The application for a visa goes as follows:

  1. Make an appointment at the visa center in Andorra. You must contact a local visa application center in your home country and make an appointment to submit your application. It may take several months to schedule a meeting with the embassy or consulate.
  2. Get your documents ready. To submit a successful application, you have to prepare the required documents for your visa, i.e., passport, application form, health insurance, etc. Some of your documents must be verified with an apostille stamp or certified by a foreign office.
  3. Submit your application. Finally, you can submit your application and attend the visa interview—you may also be required to submit your biometrics. Once you translate your documents as required by the embassy or consulate and verify them with an apostille stamp— if possible, then you can submit your application. From then it will take several weeks until a decision is made regarding your visa application.

Please note that if you have a valid visa that allows you to enter more than one country, you don’t have to apply for a new visa.

What Documents Do Andorran Citizens Need to Apply for a Visa?

Andorran citizens that want to visit countries that require them to apply for a visa beforehand need to submit a few documents. Depending on the country you want to visit, document requirements may vary. However, most countries will certainly require the following:

  • Your valid Andorran passport (plus a photocopy). Some countries require the passport to be valid for more than six months after the day you plan on departing their country.
  • A filled visa application form.
  • Passport pictures that are not older than six months.
  • Travel health insurance that covers your entire period of stay.
  • Proof of paid visa fee.
  • Detailed travel itinerary that shows all the places you want to visit.
  • Letter of invitation (if applicable)
  • Proof of booked return ticket for the flight home.
  • Proof of booked accommodation.
  • Proof that you have sufficient funds to cover your visit
  • Civil status documents (marriage papers, certificates of birth, etc.)
Dominica Passport

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